Gardening

Flower Ryabchik Imperial

Flower Ryabchik Imperial - this is an amazingly beautiful plant. Culture refers to the daylily. On sale you can find many varieties of imperial grouse. Details about this plant, its external features, varieties and methods of cultivation can be found in this article.

Features flower Ryabchik imperial

Grouse were imported to Europe from Turkey in 1580. Since then, the culture has won the love of flower growers. Today, more than 20 plant species are known. Imperial grouse is one of the varieties of this flower.

Imperial hazel grouse can grow up to 1.5 meters depending on the variety

Imperial hazel grouse can grow up to 1.5 meters, but it can be less (depending on the variety). Its leaves are small, but the stems on which the flowers are located are very fleshy, strong and thick - grow strictly upwards. On them are the inflorescences of several buds. The simplest variety has up to 6 buds on a single plant, bright orange in color. Flowers drooping. Culture blooms for about 20 days, but very beautiful.

Interesting! Due to its attractive appearance, hazel grouse is often used to create flower arrangements in rose gardens, on alpine hills.

Varieties of Imperial Fritters

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There are many interesting varieties of imperial grouse.

Photo Grouse Raddeana (Fritillaria imperialis Raddeana)

  • Raddeana (Fritillaria imperialis Raddeana) is a strong plant that can be grown even in adverse conditions. Color buds cream or yellow. The main difference of the variety is in its large flowers. Each brush contains 5 flowers on average. Flowering lasts about 14 days.
  • Rubra (Fritillaria imperialis Rubra) is a variety that reaches a height of 60 cm during flowering. The flowers are red, quite large.
  • The strip Beauty (Fritillaria imperialis Striped Beauty) gives big buds of orange or golden color. Flowering lasts about 1.5 months.
  • Garland Star (Fritillaria imperialis Garland Star) is another beautiful variety. It stands out a bright crown of the abundance of flowers on the top of the stems. The color of flowers is bright red.
  • Lutea (Fritillaria imperialis Lutea) is distinguished by yellow buds with a white border. As it blooms, this border may change color, becoming green or even violet.

Stock Foto Fritillary Chess Alba

Interesting! You should not buy for planting on the market already flowering, dug grouse. Until the next flowering they will have to grow a few years!

Landing Fritillary Imperial

It is possible to propagate the hazel grouse imperial by the seed or vegetative method, but in any case, for the plant to grow and develop well, it is necessary for him to choose a good site. Place for landing is better to choose sunny or in partial shade. The site should be protected from strong wind, drafts. The ground should not be clay or too light. If you plant a culture in such a land, it may not bloom at all.

Planting a flower is necessary when the roots are dug out onion bulbs. Usually this time is in autumn. Landing is carried out in September or in early October, when the weather is still warm. If you plant the plant later, it may not settle down and will freeze in the winter.

Landing Fritillary Imperial

Important! The bulbs of imperial grouse do not have protective scales, therefore they dry out quickly in the fresh air. After the acquisition, they must be planted immediately!

In the case of propagation by bulbs (vegetative method), you must first choose a good planting material. The bulb can be separated from the maternal onion. As they grow on it, children are obtained, they are separated and seated. Before planting the bulbs need to be processed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkle with charcoal for disinfection. Land for digging up. If the soil is clayy, some sand is added to it. It is also worth adding peat and humus to the ground to increase its quality. For the planting of the bulbs are made small holes. The depth of embedding bulbs is 20-30 cm.

The second cultivation option is seed. It is rarely used, because seeds develop for a long time - this is a very long process. Seeds taken from the seed box, which is available in the flower. Get them only after the flower is completely dry. Seeds are sown to a depth of 1 cm. A distance of 10 cm must be made between the seeds. They are usually sprinkled with peat, not earth, on top.

Care culture

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In order for Imperial Fritillary to grow properly and blossom in time, it is necessary to properly care for him in the open field.

  • In the spring, after the hazel grouse sprout appeared, it is necessary to remove the covering material so that more sunlight and heat fall on the plant. But the earth is never touched.
  • Watering is moderate. Imperial hazel grouse does not tolerate overwetting, but it will not develop in dry land. So the water is applied regularly, but in small quantities.

Seeds of the Fritillary Imperial

Interesting! The bulbs are dug out every 2-3 years, especially for children, otherwise they will grow slowly and may not bloom for many years.
  • Loosening the soil under the bushes is best not to carry out. The roots of the Imperial Grouse are located close to the surface of the soil and it is easy to touch them when weeding. And so that the earth is not taken a dense crust, you just need to mulch it with hay or peat.
  • The first feeding is carried out after the warm weather sets in in spring. Used as fertilizers, humus, complex fertilizers. Top dressing is usually applied in a dry form, but a solution can also be made. The second feeding is done after the start of flowering. All the same fertilizers are used. The last fertilizer application is in autumn. At this time, superphosphate and potassium sulfate must be added to the ground.
  • If the flower is not covered for the winter, the bulbs in the ground may freeze and then nothing will help them. So for the winter you should definitely lay a layer of mulch on top of the plot where grouse grows.

With proper care, the Grouse Imperial will bloom every year, delighting with beautiful flowers.

When digging bulbs

Many growers are wondering - when digging bulbs grouse imperial? Digging bulbs is not recommended every year. This should be done about once every 2-3 years, for reproduction and change of the site.

Imperial Grouse bulbs do not have protective scales, therefore they dry out quickly in the open air.

Usually they dig out the bulbs when the flower has faded, the stem has dried, the leaves also turn yellow and die. This is observed around August. Bulbs are usually dug, then they are cleaned from the dry film, washed with water and incubated for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate. Existing cuts (if children were separated) must be processed with fungicides and sprinkled with wood ash. After that you need to put the onion in a dry, dark room for storage.

Important! Small and weak bulbs never bloom. All the forces they direct to increase in size. This is one of the reasons why it is necessary to replant the plant from time to time, because with the long-term development in one place, the onion grows larger, but they become smaller.

Store the bulbs in a dry, ventilated area. Temperature +30 degrees, not more. There must be good ventilation. As they winter, their condition is sometimes checked. If there is rot, mold, you need to cut them and process the bulbs fungicides.

Diseases and pests

Like many flower plants, the hazel grouse can get sick, growing in open ground. It can also be attacked by pests. But how to deal with it?

The main pest of the Grouse Imperial is the rattle (lily beetle)

  • With the wrong care, the bulbs can start to rot. If this happens, you need to dig up the onion, cut off all rotting areas to a living tissue and process them with a solution of potassium permanganate. After that, the bulbs are sprinkled with charcoal and used again for planting.
  • The main pest of the Grouse Imperial is the rattle (lily beetle). It can be recognized by its red body and black head. The main damage is caused by the larvae of this beetle. To get rid of this or any other pest, it is necessary to treat the plants with insecticides ("Aktellik", "Tanrek"). If there are a lot of pests, at first they are picked by hand, and then the flowers are treated with insecticides.
  • Regardless of the age of the grouse imperial and the peculiarities of its development, it is necessary to replant it every 2-3 years. Due to this, the flowers will be less likely to hurt.
Interesting! It is believed that if the imperial grouse is planted directly in mole holes, the moles will leave the site, because they do not tolerate the smell of the bulbs of this plant.

Imperial hazel grouse is a very beautiful flower. Large buds, tall stems are an excellent decoration for flower beds, lawns. But for the plants to produce their flowers every year, it is necessary to properly care for them. And yet, despite the sometimes difficult care, the plant is very popular, because the work pays for itself when the Imperial Fritillaria blooms in spring.