Among the variety of types of gooseberries, gardeners often choose cultivar dates. It stands out for its good growth in different climatic conditions, as well as pleasant-tasting berries. Gooseberry Pate is a versatile variety for both processing and fresh consumption. Characteristics and methods of growing bushes are presented in this article.
Description varieties Phenic
The gooseberry variety Phenicia has been known since about the 20th century, but was bred earlier by Dutch breeders. Maturation later. Spreading bush, growing high, up to 2 meters. Pagons at the plant plump, durable. Green leaves with a glossy surface, densely grow. On the matured stems are located thorns - sharp and hard. But there are no thorns on the annual shoots. Flowers are medium in size with small white and green petals. A cyst usually contains 1 flower, but it can also be 2 or 3.
On the ripe stems are spikes - sharp and hard.Interesting! Since the Date bush can grow up to 2 meters, some summer residents for convenience, grow it on a trellis.
Berries can grow up to 15-20 g. They are without a gun, slightly elongated. The rind is thick, brown or dark brown, but may appear black in the sun. The flesh is light green. Small bones. The taste is sour. Contains about 10% sugar.
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Variety dates have a lot of positive qualities and disadvantages. They are presented in the description below.
- After ripening, the berries are not showered from the branches for 15-20 days, so that with the harvest you can wait.
- Shrubs can tolerate a brief drought, temperature changes or high soil moisture.
- Resistance to frost down to -35 degrees Celsius.
- Immunity is average; a bush can be affected by many diseases if it is not treated in time.
- This gooseberry variety likes to infect root aphids.
- Negative effect on a sharp change in the method of care.
From an adult bush you can collect up to 3 buckets of berries!
- Productivity is high. From an adult bush you can collect up to 3 buckets of berries! Within 15-20 years, the yield of the bush does not decrease, then it must be replaced.
- The berries are beautiful, commercial quality, very tasty.
- Transportability is good, berries can be transported over short and long distances.
Gooseberry Date is a fairly large bush, spreading and tall. So that it can fully develop, it is necessary to choose a spacious area for planting, where other cultures will not crowd it.
Propagate this variety can be different. For this, young saplings, cuttings are used or simply a branch of a mother bush is added on and after a few months a new, young bush appears from it. But in order for the plant to fully develop, it must be removed from the parent plant.
One of the methods of reproduction of gooseberries Phenicia - young seedlings
Pits for planting are made 30 cm deep and about 60 cm in diameter. Up to 10 kg of humus, 120 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt are introduced into each well. If the land is highly acidic, you can add 20 grams of limestone. Planting of young gooseberry bushes is carried out at a distance of 150 cm from each other. If the distance is not kept, the bush will develop poorly.Important! The taste of gooseberry berries dates greatly influenced by the moisture of the soil, air, and the amount of sun that falls on the berries. That is why it is recommended to plant this variety in the sun.
Young seedlings are planted directly, not at an angle. The root neck is buried by about 5-6 cm, not more. The lower parts of the shoots should be covered with earth. After planting, the ground is compacted and watered. Under the bush make up to 5 liters of water. Then it is worth cutting pagons to 3-5 buds.
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Caring for this variety is not time consuming, but requires compliance with the basic rules.
Watering is done regularly to keep the land dry.
- Watering is carried out regularly so that the earth does not dry. Water gooseberry loves, but if the summer is rainy, you can do without irrigation. A week water under the bush make up to 2 times. Under 1 plant only 1 bucket of water is poured, no more. If there is a lot of water, the gooseberry will start to suffer from fungal diseases.
- Weeding is done to increase soil aeration, weed control, and disease prevention. Hold it after each watering or rain.
- Type of feeding depending on the season may vary. Ammonium nitrate is needed in the spring - 10-20 g / bush. In summer and autumn, potassium sulfate and superphosphate can be added to the ground. If desired, you can choose and organics, instead of minerals, but such a strong fertilizer as humus, it is desirable to use no more than once every 2-3 years.
Pruning is done in autumn or spring.
- Pruning is done in autumn or spring. If this is not done, the bush of this variety will quickly grow and it will be very difficult to harvest. Pruning is carried out so that the sun penetrated into the bush. It is, above all, to remove the branches that do not grow correctly, sick, damaged and old.
- In autumn, the ground in a bush needs to be dug 5-10 cm deep. During digging, organic fertilizers or minerals can be applied under the gooseberry, if desired. After that, the earth is mulched with peat or humus for the winter.
Harvesting and processing
The technical maturity of the gooseberry berries Phenicia reach by 2 half of July, and consumer - by mid-August. Berries can be picked immediately after ripening or a little later, but for more than 20 days it is better not to keep them on the branches. After collecting, they begin to exude a strong, pronounced aroma.
The use of berries in this class is universal. They are very tasty fresh, but also suitable for canning, baking, freezing. Gardeners claim that from the gooseberry Phenice is obtained excellent jam, juice, jam and summer desserts. You can make it and homemade wine, it will have a pleasant aroma and unusual taste.
Gooseberry Date is suitable for baking
Gardeners reviews about the gooseberry cultivar Date
Gooseberry Phenic like many gardeners for the pleasant taste of berries and easy care.
- Lena Moskalets: I have been cultivating Phenicia for many years now. I’ve been changing shrubs every 10-15 years so that the yield doesn’t decrease. The variety is very simple to maintain, universal in terms of processing berries. It has been verified that it makes amazing jam! The only nuance is the bushes are often affected by fungi. Because of this, it is necessary to carry out frequent spraying with chemicals. I try, of course, to do the last treatments 3-4 weeks before the harvest, but concerns about the harvest remain. "
- Valentin Korobkov: I grow gooseberries for sale and for myself. I love this berry fresh and in conservation. I chose for myself some of the best varieties of different color and ripening period. One of them is Phenicia. It is good in yield, unpretentiousness, resistance to frost, drought and the taste of the berries is not bad, although it can be sour. I recommend more for processing. "
- Maxim Ostapov: "Gooseberry Phenicus is a favorite winter-hardy variety. I grow it in the Moscow Region. Despite the weather changes, frosty winters, there were never any problems with branches freezing, roots. Yields are annual, stable. At first, the bushes gave few berries, but then, from about 3 years "They started to give birth, as it should be! From a bush - 2-3 buckets with a hill and even though I cut the bushes every year, they are small, albeit high. The variety is good, with proper care it pays back costs."