Vegetable

Self-pollinated cucumber varieties

Self-cured cucumber varieties are in great demand among gardeners. They simply grow, they do not require pollination by bees and give great yields. There are a lot of varieties and hybrids of such cucumbers, so the choice is considerable, and even the gardener, demanding to the characteristics, will find a suitable option. The best varieties by category are presented in this article.

Self-pollinated cucumber varieties

Many novice gardeners believe that self-pollinated cucumber varieties do not require pollination by bees or other plants. But it is not. Self-pollinating varieties have bisexual flowers, so they pollinate themselves. Partenocarpic cucumbers are similar to self-pollinated species. But they are distinguished by the fact that they are self-fertile - they do not need pollination, because they do not have full seeds as simple cucumbers.

Self-pollinating varieties have bisexual flowers

Self-guided and parthenocarpic cucumbers are very similar in terms of cultivation. They can be planted in closed greenhouses, cultivated in cold regions and the harvest from such plants is always large.

Important! Hybrid cucumbers of the first generation, labeled F1, can not be grown from seeds collected from the resulting crop. Seeds for planting such a crop need to be purchased in stores every year!

Partenocarpic cucumbers

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Among parthenocarpic cucumbers, there are those that enjoy the general love of gardeners for their excellent quality characteristics. So, what are these hybrids.

Partenocarpic cucumbers

  • "Emelya F1" - Early hybrid (40-45 days), recommended for salads or pickling. Female flowering, ovaries are located in bunches. Cucumbers grow up to 150 g, length in the range of 12-15 cm. They are straight, marketable, suitable for transportation. Tubercles medium, with white fuzz. Productivity to 16 kg from a square of a site. The bush has a strong immunity to many diseases.
  • "Courage F1" grown indoors. The term of ripening of greens is 40-45 days (early hybrid). The culture is vigorous with strong immunity. Fruits are elongated, with an abundance of tubercles and pubescence. Up to 14 cm long, weighing 110 g on average. From the square, greenhouses collect, with good care, up to 18 kg of fruit. Harvest can be used for snacks or processing.
  • "Paratunka F1" - a hybrid for growing under shelters. Early, the first harvest can be started from 42 days after emergence of shoots. The crop grows of medium height, but it is better to use a trellis when growing it - this will facilitate care and harvesting. Fruits of 75-100 g, elongated, presentation. Color dense skin dark green with white pubescence on tubercles. From the square of the landings under the shelter, you can collect up to 12.5 kg of crop. Zelentsy universal type and in snacks, and in conservation very tasty.

This group should also include well-known hybrids like "Calendar F1", "Balagan F1", "Spring F1", "King of the Market F1", "Cupid F1".

The best self-pollinated varieties for open ground

Cucumbers for open ground are always selected resistant to disease, weather changes. So, what varieties for open ground possess, besides these qualities, also self-pollination.

The best self-pollinated varieties for open ground

  • "Zozulya F1" - early hybrid, giving the first harvest already on the 40th day. It has a high resistance to diseases. Cereals of 22 cm and weighing up to 300 g are mainly used for fresh food, but do not lose their taste in jars. The skin is dense, green with large bumps. In the node, you can observe ripening at the same time 2-3 cucumbers.
  • "Meringue F1" - A hybrid of early maturity (40 days). Crops gives big during long vegetation. Cereals up to 12 cm, with large tubercles and white spikes. Do not overgrow, do not deform during growth and do not turn yellow. There is immunity to many ailments. The bush can be grown in greenhouses (up to 15 kg / sq. M.) And in open ground (up to 12 kg / sq. M.). The fruits of universal use.
  • "F1 enthusiasm" - early variety. The bush grows high, needs a trellis, a garter. The green cabbage is dark green, the presentation is about 10 cm in length, but it is better to tear them to reach a size of 7 cm. Bushes give a lot of harvest during a season. Taste without bitterness, the harvest can be allowed for spinning, salting or snacks.
Interesting! The bitterness in greens is often the result of insufficient watering. So it is necessary to water cucumber bushes in time so that the fruits have a pleasant, sweetish taste.

Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses

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Many self-pollinated cucumber varieties are grown in greenhouses. They are resistant to low light, tolerate high temperatures, humidity and produce abundant yields.

Self-cured varieties of cucumbers for tep

  • "April F1" - A hybrid known for its resistance to cold. Ripens in 45-50 days. PTO is not affected. Fruits of 18-22 cm, weight 200-250 g, with large tubercles. The skin is dark green, dense. Taste is pleasant, without bitterness. Up to 12 cucumbers ripen in a knot. Purpose is universal.
  • "Friendly family F1" - A hybrid that is valued for stable fruiting from year to year. The first fruits are collected for 42-48 days after the sprout. The plant is not afraid of changes in temperature, lack of sunlight. It is immune to many ailments. Fruits up to 12 cm, weighing about 95 g. The color of the skin is pale green, there are many tubercles.
  • "Claudia F1" - A hybrid that ripens in 42-50 days. Not afraid of weather changes, has immunity to many cucumber diseases. The plant has a pronounced weaving leaves. Zelentsy grow in length up to 12 cm and weighing about 90 g. The form is elongated, the skin is covered with an abundance of small tubercles.

The best varieties of pickles for pickling

Some types of self-pollinated cucumbers are recommended for salting and preservation. What is their feature - small fruits, which only improve the taste after pickling or salting.

The best varieties of pickles for pickling

  • "Annie F1" - Parthenocarpic hybrid Cornish type. Recommended for cultivation in greenhouses. Bushes are vigorous. The location of the ovaries - beam. Cucumbers grow small, (9–12 cm and weigh up to 120 g), dark green with an abundance of medium-sized tubercles. Taste is pleasant, sweetish. Harvest is most often allowed for pickling, canning, but you can eat fresh greens. Bushes have a high immunity.
  • "Marina Grove F1" - early variety, giving crop already at 40-45 day after the appearance of sprouts. Zelentsy grow not straight, but slightly curved, up to 12 cm long, weighing about 100 g, but may be more. The skin is dense, green with bumps and white pubescence. Fruits are suitable for transportation and are often grown for sale. Up to 12 kg of crop can be harvested from the planting square.
Interesting! In order for cucumbers to give a good harvest, it is important to carry out timely feeding. Best of all, this crop responds to organic matter, but professional gardeners recommend alternating mineral and organic fertilizers in order to achieve high yields.
  • "Ant F1" - variety for cultivation in greenhouses. Early term of ripening is 37-39 days after the appearance of sprouts. The bush grows medium in size with weak branching. Ovaries are collected in bunches of 3 or more. Fruits with weak ribbing, small, up to 11 cm in length, weighing 100-110 g. Collected cucumbers have a universal purpose. They are good in salads and salting. There is immunity to various types of powdery mildew, cladosporia, PTO.

Such hybrids such as "Emelya F1", "April F1", "Merengue F1" are suitable for salting and conservation.

Disease-resistant self-pollinated cucumbers

Cultivation of garden crops is not without treatment for diseases. But such procedures can harm crops and crops. If the disease sites are not uncommon, it is necessary to stop the choice on hybrids of self-pollinated cucumbers that are resistant to ailments.

Disease-resistant self-pollinated cucumbers

  • "Makar F1" - Early hybrid (40-45 days), salad destination. Bushes of medium height and vigorous growth, branching is not strong. Zelentsy grow elongated barrels with poorly pronounced ribs. Weight - 250 g on average, length - 15-19 cm. Harvest from the square of planting is collected up to 15 kg, but only for greenhouse cultivation.
  • "Masha F1" - an early hybrid with beam type of flowering. It has strong immunity to most cucumber diseases. Cornish fruits, up to 8 cm in length. Crop bush gives a lot. There is no bitterness in taste. Recommended for preservation and salads.
  • "Herman F1" - Early maturation hybrid (45 days). Zelentsy weighing 100 g and a length of 10 cm, with large tubercles. One of the most productive species, with yields annually, of commercial quality and fruit suitable for long shipments. Cucumber universal type. There is immunity to various types of powdery mildew, PTO, cladosporia.
  • "Martha F1" - a hybrid, the ripening of the fruits of which falls on 40-45 days after germination. Bushes of medium vigor, lashes do not give much. There is immunity to many diseases. The fruits are elongated, with small bumps. The length of cucumbers can be up to 20 cm, and the weight can be up to 250 g. From a square meter of planting up to 15 kg of fruits are harvested per season. Harvest salad destination.

It is also necessary to include such hybrids as "Annie F1", "Gerda F1", "Murashka F1", "Emelya F1", "Suomi F1", "Courage F1", "Ant F1" in this group.

Self-cured varieties of cucumbers are very beneficial in growing. They can be cultivated indoors, unlike most pollinated species. Such hybrids are most often selected for harvest for sale or for transportation over long distances. All that is required of the gardener is to choose the appropriate variety and provide the plants with proper care.