Vegetable

Crop varieties of cucumbers

Cucumber - demanding culture. For normal growth, they need quality soil, proper moisture, care, feeding, protection from diseases and pests. So it is not surprising that the gardeners, when choosing a variety, pay attention, first of all to the yield, so that the labor and time invested pay off with abundant fruiting. This article presents the best crop varieties of cucumbers, divided into several categories.

Crop varieties for open ground

The most fruitful varieties of cucumbers are purchased and cultivated usually for sale. They give so many fruits that it is simply not possible to process at home or use them exclusively for food, unless you grow only 3-4 bushes. Insecure land cultivates insect and disease resistant crops. Cucumbers of this type are not susceptible to aggressive external environmental influences.

Crop varieties for open ground

  • "Fountain F1" - early ripe type, does not require pollination. The yield per square meter - 16 kg. Bush tall, with female flowers. Cereals up to 100 g, bright green with lines and pimples. The use of multipurpose, excellent taste, as in snacks, and in winter preparations.
  • "First F1" - early parthenocarpic view. From a square of a site it is possible to collect up to 17 kg of fruits per year. Indeterminate bushes with female flowers. Zelentsy by 90-100 g, with small tubercles in size. Purpose is universal.
  • "Chinese emperor F1 " - young, early type, included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2015. For a 1 m² plot, 15 kg of cucumbers are removed per season. Pollinating insects is not required. The culture is tall, both male and female buds. Fruits 340-400 g, oblong, grassy color, with pimples and prickles. Suitable for fresh food.
  • F1 Nugget - a fruitful type of cucumbers for open ground, but this crop is sometimes planted under cover. Productivity from a square reaches 12 kg. Bushes almost do not give side pagonov. Zelentsy to 110 g, about 12 cm long. Is suitable for preparation of snack. There is immunity to rot.
Interestingly! Old, productive, pickling varieties of cucumbers, like "Nezhinsky", "Murom", "Vyaznikovsky", are recommended to be grown in the open ground. They need an abundance of sunlight and insect pollination.

Varieties of greenhouse cucumbers

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Crop varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses are cultivated mainly on the trellis. It is convenient, practical and simple. Shrubs they are tall, strong, resistant to high humidity and lack of sun.

  • "Derya F1" - mid-seasoned, parthenocarpic hybrid for cultivation in glazed and film shelters. From 1 m² plantings collect 35-38 kg. Indeterminate bush, female buds, gathered in bundles of 2-3 things. Fruits up to 150 g, grassy color with short white lines. Recommended for snacks.
  • "Corinto F1 " - a relatively young look, included in the State Register of Russia only in 2015. For the year from 1 m² up to 38 kg of greens are harvested. They weigh up to 150 g, the pimples are not very large, with spikes. The culture is medium early, parthenocarpic. Appointment salad. Almost does not suffer from ashes, peronosporosis, kladosporiozom, PTO.

    Varieties of greenhouse cucumbers

  • "Neva F1" - another young species for cultivation under cover. From a square of a site 24-27 kg are removed for a year. Refers to the average for the period of ripening varieties. The bush is tall, parthenocarpic, with female flowers. Fruits elongated with a neck, up to 240 g, smooth skin with a light fuzz. Appointment salad.
Interesting! Cucumbers respond very well to the introduction of biohumus. This fertilizer improves the quality of the land and increases the fruiting of bushes.
  • "Gourmand F1" - young variety, included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2015. From 1 m² they harvest about 21 kg of crop per season. Suitable for protected ground. Average over the period of maturation, not pollinated by insects. Indeterminate bushes with female buds. Cereals are elongated, 130-150 g each, of grassy color with small lines. Pimples are small, with spikes. Suitable for summer snacks, salads. There is immunity to pepelitsa, peronospora, PTO, cladosporia.
  • "Herman F1" - early ripe, parthenocarpic type of culture. Productivity with proper care - up to 25 kg / m². Cucumbers grow up to 10 cm, weighing 100 g on average. In the node is located several fruits. There is immunity to PTO.
  • "Monsieur Olivier F1" - culture for film greenhouses. From a square of landings about 24 kg of a crop are removed for a season. Early, parthenocarpic type. Bushes tall, with female buds. Zelentsy of a simple form, on 150-200 g, a skin smooth with light down and thorns. Appointment exclusively salad.
  • "Relish F1" - early hybrid. The culture is self-pollinated, with mixed flowering. Productivity from 1 m ² - 20-25 kg. Zelentsy grow up to 11 cm, but you can shoot them when reaching a length of 8-9 cm. Delicious, crunchy, not bitter, for fresh food and spin for the winter. Does not get sick with PTO, bacteriosis, ashes.

For cultivation in winter, heated greenhouses, it is necessary to pay attention to the varieties of a more professional profile.

Crop varieties of cucumbers for winter heated greenhouses

  • "Larino F1" - an early look for the winter, glazed shelters. Productivity from a square of the earth - 28 kg. Bushes tall, female flowering. Cucumbers grow elongated, grassy color with short lines. The peel is smooth with light ribbing and spikes. Parthenocarpic type. Appointment - for summer salads. There is immunity to pepelitsa.
  • "Pikovell F1" - mid-season hybrid. The plant is tall, does not need pollination by bees. Productivity from 1 m² of greenhouse - 25 kg. Harvest used for fresh snacks. Gherkins up to 60 g, very tasty, green, smooth. Differ in the long period of storage, transportability. The plant is not afraid of pepelitsa.
  • "Lohengrin F1" - Another type of cucumber for winter-type greenhouses. Productivity - 41-47 kg / m². High culture with female buds, medium early fruiting. Fruits of 240 g, long with small lines on a bright green background. The skin is smooth, slightly ribbed with spikes. It is used for summer snacks, salads. Not affected by the ashes.
Interesting! Cucumbers - thermophilic plants. They give large yields, mainly in greenhouse cultivation or in illuminated areas where it is very warm. But in the shadows they are not recommended to plant.

The most productive self-pollinated varieties

In the northern regions and when cultivated in greenhouses, gardeners often prefer self-pollinated or parthenocarpic varieties and hybrids of cucumbers. They do not need bees for pollination, and therefore, even in a buried space or in adverse weather conditions, they give high yields.

The most productive self-pollinated varieties

  • "Orpheus F1" - a hybrid of the early period of ripening. About 11-14 kg of crop per season are removed from the square of the plot. It can be cultivated in protected and unprotected soil. Zelentsy on 100 g, to 13 cm. Skin with small tubercles and prickles. The taste is sweet. Purpose is universal. There is immunity to common cucumber ailments.
  • "Friendly family F1" - sredneranny cucumber of parthenocarpic type. Productivity is 10-15 kg / m ². Fruiting stretched. Fruits grow to 95 g, an average length of 11 cm. The skin is durable, light green, not bitter.
  • "F1 enthusiasm" - early view. The yield in the shelter - 12.5 kg / m², and in unprotected land - 5.2 kg from the same area. Fruits of the gherkin type, up to 8 cm. In the care of the plant does not cause much trouble, makes frost, weather changes. The flesh is elastic, with a high content of juice. Suitable for fresh snacks, but this type is also used for a twist for the winter.
  • "City cucumber" - A variety that is cultivated even at home, on verandas. Zelentsy on 100 g, about 12 cm long. Productivity from 1 m ² 10-17 kg, depending on the place of cultivation and leaving. Appointment - for the fresh use and conservation, salting.
  • "Machaon" - a fruitful grade for an open ground. Up to 15 kg of crop can be harvested from the square of the plot with proper care. The length of cucumbers 13 cm, weight - 100 g. There is immunity to diseases, even in young seedlings.
Interesting! Parthenokarpicheskie hybrids have a higher yield compared to pollinated hybrids and varieties. But the seeds on them are more expensive and they are grown mainly by the seedling method.

High-yielding cucumbers for the Moscow region

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Most varieties of cucumbers can be purchased for the Moscow region. It is not very cold and not hot there, the main thing is that the plants are resistant to weather changes.

High-yielding cucumbers for the Moscow region

  • "Gerda F1" - self-pollinated cucumbers, medium early ripening. With 1 m² of land, you can get 15 kg of crop per season. Bush different beam flowering. 3-5 cucumbers ripen in the knot. Zelentsy 8-10 cm in length and weighing 70-75 g. There is immunity to peronospora, powdery mildew.
  • "Alligator F1" - early insect pollinated hybrid for the Moscow region. Productivity - 14-16 kg / m². Fruits are long, up to 40 cm, weighing 300 g. Shrubs are vigorous. There is immunity to powdery mildew, PTO.
  • "Madame F1" - early culture for open ground. From 1 m² up to 8 kg of crop is collected. Vigorous shrub with a tuft ovary. In the node is located on 3-6 fruits. Zelentsy on 10-12 cm, weighing 65-85 g. Do not overgrow, pulp and skin are soft. There is immunity to root rot.
  • "Kai F1" - an early view for the Moscow region. Productivity is 11-12,5 kg / m ². Needs pollination by insects. There is immunity to the most common ailments, poor growth conditions. Gherkins 60-70 g, 6-8 cm in length. The use is universal.
It is important! So that cucumbers do not get bitter, they need to be watered abundantly and in good time. Positively affect the taste and feeding.

Fruitful cucumber varieties for the Urals and Siberia

For Siberia and the Urals, the earliest varieties of cucumbers are usually acquired even when grown in greenery. Below are the most productive varieties of cucumbers for these regions.

Fruitful cucumber varieties for the Urals and Siberia

  • "Altai" - an early view for the Urals, Siberia and other areas with a cool climate. Productivity in the unprotected land to 5 kg from 1 m ². Needs pollination by insects. Zelentsy to 13 cm, oval, on 90-115 g. Marketability, transportability at a high level. Appointment - for preservation and winter preparations.
  • "Cascade" - early, bee-pollinated cucumber variety with fruit bearing up to 14 kg / m². Female flowering culture. Fruits 14 cm on average, weighing 90-120 g. Purpose - universal. There is immunity to perinospora.
  • "Moment" - medium early variety. For high yields requires pollination. Up to 6 kg of fruits are harvested from the square of the earth. Zelentsy about 20 cm long, weighing 120-135 g. It is recommended for salting and conservation. There is immunity to bacteriosis and powdery mildew.
Interesting! Time-tested pickling varieties of cucumbers must be collected daily, because they tend to grow. But modern hybrids like "Connie", "Siberian salting", after reaching the commercial size, cease to grow, so the crops are harvested from them every 3-5 days.
  • F1 Champion - mid-season species for Siberia and the Urals. The culture is average in height, with weak weaving. The yield from 1 m² plot can reach 30 kg with proper care. This is due to the high demand for gardeners. Zelentsy on 10-12 cm, weighing 75-110 g. There is resistance to some diseases and adverse conditions of growth.
  • "Claudia F1" - sredneranny hybrid. Parthenocarpic culture type. During the season, up to 27 kg of crop in greenhouses and up to 15 kg in unprotected soil are removed from 1 m². Zelentsy by 10-12 cm. There is resistance to the most common cucumber diseases. Collected fruits can be used for fresh food or canning. They are crunchy, sweetish, not bitter.

There are many varieties of cucumbers. Crop varieties are sought after by professional gardeners. Tasty, beautiful Zelentsy, obtained as a result of the investment of time and effort, they allow not only for food, but also for sale. The main thing is to choose the fruitful variety of cucumbers and to provide him full care.