Watermelon is a summer treat, loved by all. Many gardeners grow sweet berry on their plots. But in order to get delicious, sugar watermelons, it is necessary to provide them with proper care and watering. How to water the watermelons and whether drip irrigation can be used for this is described in this article.
Features watering watermelons
To obtain a high-quality crop of watermelons, it is necessary to water the crop in time. The growth rate, taste and aroma of striped berries depend on the quantity, frequency of application and type of water. So, what are the main requirements of watermelons for watering:
Watering the watermelons at the root can be done at any convenient time.
- Water for irrigation is taken warm, separated (preferably in the sun).
- If it is possible, it is possible to collect rainwater and use it for irrigation.
- Irrigation does not harm, if carried out very rarely, in dry weather, in the late evening, to revive the leaves a little. But if you do the procedure often, there is a risk of rot on the stems.
- Watering under the root can be done in the morning or in the evening, as convenient. But sprinkling is best done at sunset. During the night, the water from the leaves will evaporate, and the sun will not burn them.
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Watermelon is 90% water. So its development directly depends on watering. To determine the shortage of water can be on some grounds.
The land in which watermelons grow should be soaked with water at 60-70 cm
- Decrease in germination of seeds;
- development inhibition;
- weakness of the bush (thin lash and root system);
- lethargy, twisting, drying leaves and stems;
- small number of ovaries;
- fruits grow small, may be deformed.
The ground in which watermelons grow should be soaked with water at 60-70 cm. To check whether you need to water, simply stick a stick 50-70 cm long into the ground. Then they take it out and look at how deep the earth is still wet and, if necessary, water it.
How often to water the watermelons
Knowing how to water the watermelons, you can get a bountiful harvest. It is important to understand that the introduction of water into the soil is carried out from the moment of sowing the seeds! So, how often to water the watermelons? It depends on the age of the culture and the place of its growth.
Drip irrigation is used not only in the greenhouse, but also when growing watermelons in the open ground
- Watermelon seedlings are usually harvested in peat cups or similar containers. Sowing seeds is carried out in a moist, loose soil. As the seedlings grow, it is necessary to water every day from a watering can with a thin spout so that the liquid flows along the edge of the cup. So it will not blur the ground and will not fall on the stem or leaves of the germ.
- In open ground, the water evaporates quite quickly under the sun. Watering is done only in the evening or in the early morning, so that by the time the sun is active, the water will soak the soil. Do not forget that the frequency and abundance of irrigation in open ground depends on the climatic zone, weather conditions. For example, in rainy weather, watering is reduced or stopped altogether, and in dry stands they must be carried out more often. After a heavy rain, thunderstorms, watering stop for a week!
- In a greenhouse, water application is not done as often as in open ground, because there is high humidity and the water does not evaporate quickly. Often gardeners apply drip systems in the greenhouse, they are convenient and practical, simplify the work. Watering with such cultivation do once a week. This is more than enough. But we must not forget that to prevent the development of fungal diseases, it is important to regularly air the greenhouse.
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Depending on the age of the plant, watering can be carried out with different frequency and abundance. This is important to consider! How to water the watermelons of different ages?
When the fruits have already started and began to develop, watering is carried out no more than once a week.
- Immediately after planting young shoots, it is necessary to irrigate every 1-2 days. It is important that the culture got acclimatized without a problem and started to grow. The abundance of water allows the green to grow faster, appear new leaves, and the root system is fully developed. Water consumption per sapling is small - 1-5 liters, depending on the size of the sprout, climate, place of growth.
- After the appearance of the first florets, watering of plants begins already 2 times a week, that is, every 3-4 days. But water consumption per plant increases to 10 liters.
- When the fruits have already started and began to develop, watering is carried out no more than once a week. Water consumption per plant 10-15 liters. At the same time water should not fall under the fruit or on them, so as not to develop rot.
About 2-3 weeks before the harvest (when the berries are fully formed), the watermelons stop watering altogether, so that they are full of sugar and are not watery.Important! When growing watermelons by a simple method, and not on a trellis, the fruits simply lie on the ground until they are fully ripe. During heavy rains or irrigation, they may begin to rot at the point of contact with the soil. Therefore, it is important to put straw under them.
Drip irrigation and its advantages
Drip irrigation is used not only in the greenhouse, but also when growing watermelons in the open ground. This method is very convenient and has many advantages:
Device drip irrigation system
- the land is not eroding;
- water does not fall on the leaves and stem of the plant;
- You can combine the procedure with the application of mineral fertilizers;
- saving water, time, effort.
Drip system can be made independently or buy in a specialty store. Watering drip system is carried out as the usual method, with the same regularity as in the case of using a bucket or a simple watering can. The main thing that is required of the gardener is to connect everything correctly and from time to time to check the health of the system.Important! Watermelons grow well only in light, drained soil. They need a lot of water for development, but it must easily seep through the ground - this culture will not survive in the marshy soil!
How to water the watermelons for rapid growth
Gardeners in the greenhouse most often used drip irrigation systems
When growing watermelons in the southern regions, they have enough time to fully ripen until the moment of gathering. At the same time, they are not only ripe, but also sweet. But in the northern and central regions, the time for ripening of watermelons is shortened, so gardeners use nutritious food to grow watermelons faster. So, how to water the watermelons for rapid growth?
- Infusion of humus, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 is an excellent growth stimulant for a young culture.
- Liquid biohumus, which is sold in stores, can also be used as watermelon grows.
- From mineral supplements you need to pay attention to those that contain a lot of potassium and magnesium - these elements reduce the time of fruit ripening. Use them according to the instructions.
- On yeast dressings, not only the green mass of the plant develops faster, but also the period of ripening of the striped berries is shortened. 500 g of wet yeast interfere with 5 liters of water. The resulting concentrated solution can be mixed with water and used for feeding. 500 ml of such a concentrate must be taken at least 10 liters of water.
- Lactic acid bacteria that are present in serum, for example, have a positive effect on the period of development of watermelons. But in its pure form it does not contribute. As a rule, this product is mixed with water at a ratio of 1:10.
You can make nutritional supplements at all stages of plant growth. But 2-3 weeks before harvesting, it’s best to don’t add anything to the ground at all, except to loosen it and remove weeds so that the watermelons can ripen properly and their taste doesn’t spoil.