Vegetable

Harvested pepper varieties

Homeland pepper is Central America. But you can grow it in different climatic regions, if you choose the right variety and provide it with proper care. Crop varieties of pepper are often chosen by those gardeners that use it for making winter canning or selling. Below are the most productive varieties, divided into different categories.

The most productive varieties of pepper

Who does not want to get a big crop of commercial quality sweet pepper? Unfortunately, not every variety or even a hybrid can boast of high yields and beautiful, sweet fruits. So, what are the most fruitful varieties:

The most productive varieties of pepper

  • "Boatswain" - productive variety, giving from each square of planting 16-18 kg of crop. The term ripening pepper - 120 days. The plants are low, 2.5–3 m tall, resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. The mass of one fruit is 250 g, the shape is cuboid. Taste is pleasant, pulp differs juiciness. The use is universal.
  • "Grenadier" - hybrid, mid-season pepper. Productivity 18 kg / m². The culture grows to 2.5-2.8 m, resistant to many diseases, including the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Pepper after full maturity scarlet, 10-15 cm long, prism-shaped. Fruit weight 550 g on average. The flesh is sweetish, very juicy. Application is universal.
  • "Orange Miracle" - a variety of pepper for cultivation in the open field and under the temporary greenhouse. From a square of a site it is possible to remove for a season about 14 kg of a crop! Maturation takes 100-110 days. The culture has a well-developed bush, requiring garters, resistant to TMV. Pepper with 4 clear edges, bright orange color. The thickness of the pericarp to a centimeter. The weight of a fruit is 200-250 g, it is universal in preparation, possesses high commercial qualities.
Important! Pepper Orange miracle is recommended to be grown in the southern regions of Russia and countries with similar climatic conditions.
  • "Charm" - A hybrid, giving the first harvest in 110 days. Recommended for different types of greenhouses. Standard culture, up to 80 cm. Fruit weight about 100 g, in the form of a cone, yellow-green color, and red after maturation. Pericarp up to 5 mm. If you do not thicken the planting and properly care for the plants, you can remove about 12 kg of commercial quality fruit per season from m² of plantings.
  • "Derby" ripens in 104-115 days. From a square of a site it is possible to remove for a year 13-16 kg. The bush grows to 60-80 cm, it is resistant to verticillium wilt, fusarium. Pepper is small, weighing about 50-150 g, round, yellow. Pericarp thickness - 4-6 mm. The taste is pleasant, the purpose is universal.

To the most productive species can also be attributed to pepper "Orion", "Meal", "Anlita."

Pepper Varieties for Open Ground

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In the open ground, only certain varieties and hybrids of pepper can give a bountiful harvest of pepper. Adverse climate, pests, diseases - all this greatly reduces the yield, so it is not surprising that most of the high-yielding varieties are designed specifically for greenhouses. And yet there are some varieties of sweet pepper, which can give a lot of tasty peppers when grown in the open.

Pepper Varieties for Open Ground

  • "California miracle" it is distinguished not only by its high yield (10 kg / m²), but also by its excellent taste. Shrubs have a strong immunity to TMV, verticillus. The color of the peel is red, saturated, the width of the pericarp is 1-1.2 cm. The fruit is in the form of a cube, with a glossy skin, weighing up to 150 g.
  • "Belozerka" - A fairly well-known and common variety of Bulgarian pepper. Cultivated in the open. The average yield of about 8 kg / m². Ripening friendly, passes for 112 days. The plant grows to 70 cm, resistant to fungal diseases. Fruits pointed to the tip with a slight ribbing, not rumpled during transport. Skin color in consumer maturity red. Pericarp thickness is 7.5 mm, weight - 130 g. Recommended for fresh food and processing.
  • Big Dad - culture for open ground. Under the shelter it can be grown temporarily, while the plants are small, but during the ripening of fruits it is important to have direct sunlight. Productivity from 6 to 8 kg / m². The first pepper can be collected as early as 3 months after planting the seedlings. Walls up to 8 mm wide, fruits pointed to the tip. Pepper weight up to 150 g. The skin color is purple, very beautiful. After removal, the harvest is excellent, suitable for transportation.
Important! When grown in open ground, it is important to process Bulgarian pepper in time from pests and diseases for preventive purposes. After all, even a simple disease or a small colony of pests can significantly reduce the yield of a crop.

The most productive varieties of pepper for greenhouses

Growing peppers in greenhouses is not difficult. However, it is in protected ground that this culture is prone to various types of fungal diseases. So it is important to carry out preventive treatments in time and monitor the humidity.

The most productive varieties of pepper for greenhouses

  • "Ivanhoe" - Pepper, which can be grown indoors and outdoors. At the same time, it is in greenhouses that it is capable of producing high yields (7-8 kg per square meter). Technical maturity pepper can be harvested at 103-112 days after the emergence of sprouts, and consumer maturity for 128-139 days. It grows compact bush resistant to many diseases. Peppers are light red, red or orange. Fruits are pointed, elongated, 110-130 g each. Pericarp thickness is 6-9 mm. Inside there are 3-4 cameras with an abundance of seeds.
  • "Vanguard" - pepper ripening in about 125 days. It is recommended for cultivation of the protected and unprotected soil. From m² planting is removed for the year to 17 kg of fruit. Its taste is pleasant, sweetish, aroma is saturated. The bush grows up to 3 m. Prism-shaped pepper, long up to 15 cm, fruit weight up to 450 g.
  • "Merchant" - a fruitful type of bell pepper that can be planted in greenhouses. It is in protected ground from him receive high yields in an amount of 10 kg / m². Fully matures in 100-110 days. Standard bush, up to 90 cm in greenhouses. Pepper weighing 120-150 g, bright scarlet color. Pericarp thickness - 5-8 mm. Suitable for long transportation.
Important! In the open field, in hot, dry summer, Ivanhoe pepper greatly reduces the yield! Therefore, it is best to plant it in greenhouses, where you can adjust the humidity and temperature.

Such types as "Fat Baron", "Atlantic", "Yellow Bell", "Zephyr" are also good for greenhouse cultivation.

Crop varieties of pepper for central Russia

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In central Russia, you can grow many types of peppers. Among them are high-yielding varieties yielding commercial-quality fruit.

Crop varieties of pepper for central Russia

  • "Othello F1" - A hybrid that yields in about 3 months. Productivity depends on weather, care and the place of cultivation - 4-9 kg / m². The bush is developed, although it does not take up much space, it grows up to 80 cm, it is resistant to TMV. It can be grown in open ground and in the greenhouse. Peppers weighing about 100 g, pericarp thickness is 6-7 mm. Skin color from purple to brown.
  • "Aries F1" - early hybrid. From a square of a site it is possible to collect about 14 kg of juicy pepper per season. It has strong immunity to many diseases. The fruits are large, juicy, weighing 250-300 g and a length of 8-10 cm. The shape of the fruit is prism-shaped. Pericarp is up to 0.6 cm thick.
  • "Buratino F1" - unpretentious variety for central Russia and regions with a similar climate. Productivity from a square about 10 kg with proper agrotechnology. Plant up to a meter, unpretentious, resistant to heat, wind, rainfall, many diseases. Ripens in about 90 days. The fruits are large in the form of a cone with a pericarp width of 4-5 mm. Its unique feature is a bent nose, for which it received its name.
Interesting! Bulgarian pepper "Othello" ranks first among other types of culture, the content of vitamin C, P and provitamin A.

The best varieties of pepper for Siberia

In Siberia and the Urals, pepper is usually grown in greenhouses of various kinds. At the same time, gardeners mainly focus on early varieties, because the warm period of the year lasts not long in these regions.

The best varieties of pepper for Siberia

  • "Casablanca F1" - an early hybrid of pepper (90-105 days after seed germination), suitable for greenhouse cultivation in Siberia, in the Urals. Productivity from a square of landings reaches 10 kg. Fruits with 4 clear edges, weighing up to 200 g. The pericarp thickness is 7-8 mm. At technical maturity, the fruit has a beige color, and at consumer maturity - yellow. Use in cooking is universal.
  • Orange Bull F1 - Another early species that can be grown in greenhouses, greenhouses or open ground. The highest yield of 14 kg / m² is achieved in the greenhouse. It grows strong bush of 1.1 m or more, in need of high-quality garter. Fruits in the form of a cube, weighing up to 400 g with strong walls up to 1 cm. The color of the skin is orange, brilliant. Cooking is universal.
  • "The Firstborn of Siberia" - Early pepper, bred specifically for Siberia. It is resistant to cold snaps, lack of light. Productivity - 9-12 kg / m². Shrubs grow up to 50 cm. The color of the fruit is light yellow, but after full maturation it is red. Fruits weighing 45-75 g, with a pericarp 0.5 cm. Pepper is wide at the base and pointed to the tip.
  • "Early Miracle" - early variety (95-115 days), resistant to weather changes (coolness, heat, heavy rainfall), many diseases. Productivity from a square of landings reaches 10-14 kg. Prism-shaped fruits with a rounded tip. The weight of each fruit is 200-250 g, machine up to a centimeter. It is used for winter harvesting, baking and fresh.

In Siberia and the Urals, you can also grow peppers "Latino", "Pioneer", "Novosibirsk", characterized by high yield.

Crop varieties and hybrids of pepper are grown mainly for sale or for great preservation. But confine the right choice of varieties will not work. To get a lot of pepper, albeit a fruitful variety, it is necessary to ensure proper growth conditions for the crop and proper care.